DSC01625   Women happily holding SOYVGA flagSaturated latrine with human waste    This is happy Makka with her newly born babyTeam assessing broken hand pumpImage of Latrine after cleaningJoint Fact Finding Mission on WASH Assessment in Bulla Eelay Mission Team:
1. Kassim IOM & WASH Cluster Coordinator
2. Abdikadir M Nur SOYVGA Executive Director
3. Eng. Abdiaziz A. Harun SOYVGA Program Manager
4. Abdirahman Aliow Issack SOYVGA Admin/Finance Officer
5. Binazir Ibrahim SOYVGA Youth & Women Empowerment Officer
6. Ali Hashi DC Bulla Eelay Federal Government of Somalia
7. Ahmed Director of Investment Ministry Commerce & Industry

1. Background
Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) are critical for survival in the initial stages of an emergency.
People in emergencies – especially children – are more susceptible to illness and death from diseases
that are often caused by lack of sanitation, inadequate safe water supplies and poor hygiene.
After Somali Youth Voluntary Group Association (SOYVGA) submitted WASH needs assessment report of
Bulla Eelay to the WASH Cluster members, Cluster focal point Mr. Kassim having realized pathetic
situation of the IDPs and host community of that area which was generated by the report, he
immediately asked SOYVGA to organize for a fact finding mission. The mission was well coordinated by
SOYVGA team together with the DC of Bulla Eelay and his team, we therefore send our warm and special
thanks to Mr Kassim from IOM (WASH luster focal point) for his immediate response and heartfelt
concern to this crisis.
2. Objective of the Assessment
The main of objective of the joint assessment was the cluster focal person to witness and see WASH
crisis condition of the IDPs and host community of Bulla Eelay that was reported by SOYVGA.
Ururka Dhalinyarada
Mutadawiciinta Soomaaliyeed
Somali Youth Voluntary
Group Association
Simply for better future
3. Methodology
The following methods were employed to collect data in the area:
 Questionnaire – to conduct household interviews for IDPs and host community
 Local Authority meetings- meetings were held to solicit views and opinions of local
authority members on issues related to WASH needs and activities.
 Observation – An observation checklist was developed to capture additional information
and to corroborate information gathered from key informants.
 Use of Secondary data – by using materials from SOYVGA assessment report
4. Findings
 Villages explained that water accessible (although water quality also remains in question) from
privately owned shallow wells and boreholes through poorly installed piping systems that burst
sometimes which results water scarcity.
 There are frequent pipe bursts along the distribution lines mainly due to low quality pipes and
high pressure through small diameter pipes and leading to water shortage for quite some time
causing water scarcity.
 The vulnerable are suffering since they cannot afford the cash to buy the water and sustain their
livelihoods, of which the owner doesn’t care about who has and who doesn’t.
 Majority of the respondents stated that the distance between water points and their homes is
quite some distance (2km) while carrying heavy jerrigans on their back.
 Most households neither treat (68%) nor boil the water (82%).
 Most households consume more than 30 liters of water per day (65%), this emphasizes the
water need among households, water storage is mainly in containers with lids
 Garbage disposal is not properly done through waste pits, garbage’s are everywhere in the
streets, while in some places you find accumulated garbage
 More than three to four household sharing one latrine
 No access roads with in Bulla Eelay, they are narrow paths that can’t be accessed even by a
 Over populated/crowded and its more of slum settlement
 No Solid waste Management
 Sanitation reached alarming
 Never received any humanitarian assistance
 There 3 IDP camps in the area with estimated population of 300 HHs
 Toilets saturated with human waste
 Stagnant water due to lack of drainage systems
 A broken hand pump well
5. Conclusion
The joint assessmeny team witnessed the alarming living condition of IDPs and host community interms
of Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) that are critical for survival in the initial stages of an
emergency. People in emergencies – especially children – are more susceptible to illness and death from
diseases that are often caused by lack of sanitation, inadequate safe water supplies and poor hygiene.
The assessment team SOYVGA and IOM WASH Focal Point for Banadir/ Lower Shebelle regions are
jointly appealing to all Humanitarian Organizations to extend their helping hand to the residents of
Bulla Eelay !!!
The worst senario wittnessed during the assessment was IDPs with estimated House Hold
members of 120 to 150 livng in an squeezed piece of land with a size 100M by 50M formerly
owned by the Government, this population of 900 persons are sharing 3 latrines which are over
utilized and poorly maintained, we found out the sep tank got filled up by human excreta disposal
that was diluted by water and urine was floating/saturated in the surface area of all the 3 toilets,
which is against the sphere standards that illustrates each latrine should be used by not more than 5
households, to make the matter worse latrines are located in the middle of over populated IDPS
camp and next to it was Makka shelter who got a 3 weeks newly born baby where even adults
can’t stand the bad smell, this resulted children and adults open defecation in a nearby abandoned
building surrounded bushy vegetation next to Mohamud Mire Primary school, these posses a lot
of environmental and aesthetical pressure on these settlements and the school. It is also observed that
women are very much affected by this phenomenon because of their shyness that opted to use packets to
defecate and empty it at night outside.
Having realized the seriousness of the mater Executive Director of SOYVGA Mr. Abdikadir
Mohamed Nur promised rehabilitation of the 3 latrines urgently because of the danger it can
cause to the residents and neibourhood. The Assessment Team jointly adopted the following
Action Plan:
No Activity Action When
1 Rehabilitation of 3 latrines To be implemented by SOYVGA ASAP
2 Community sensitizatio/awareness on
Hygiene & sanitation
SOYVGA & Local authority ASAP
3 Formation of village WASH
SOYVGA & Local authority ASAP
4 Training of WASH Committe SOYVGA ASAP
5 General cleaning of common areas &
garbage collection
SOYVGA & Local authority ASAP
6 Tools for cleaning like Wheelbarrow,
Rake & Shovel etc
Kassim to follow up WASH Cluster ASAP
7 Sanitary kits (chlorine, soaps) Kassim to follow up WASH Cluster ASAP
8 Rehabilitation of broken hand pump
Kassim to follow up WASH Cluster ASAP
9 Installation of more public kiosks
Kassim to follow up WASH Cluster ASAP
10 Food & NFIs for the IDPs Kassim to follow up Livelihood
Kassim with DC and SOYVGA team Kassim interviewing owner of the borehole
Team assessing

6. Rehabilitation of 3 Latrines for IDPs By SOYVGA
As mentioned in the action plan SOYVGA team immediately started rehabilitation of the 3 latrines, the
process started with coordination of the local authority by selecting 3 skilled and 6 un-skilled labors ,
due limited space we couldn’t construct new sep tanks, a hole was digged to empty the waste from
former sep tank and covered it properly, inside the latrines were also cleaned properly with cleaning
detergents, the pictures illustrate different scenarios of the condition of latrines before and after
rehabilitation, not to forget also the feelings of the IDPs together with local authority who thanked the
good job done by SOYVGA team, we are planning next week the formation of village WASH committee

Reported by:
Eng. Abdiaziz Harun
SOYVGA Program ManagerWomen happily holding SOYVGA flag